Guppy Fish Breeding Guide

Peppermint Angelfish

The Peppermint Angelfish, Centropyge Boyle, is a beautiful and tiny fish. It’s one of the cutest aquarium pets with saltwater aquarists. It’s also known as the holy grail of angelfish types because it has such an amazing color variety.

It has a dorsal fin with vivid colors to make it stand out against its environment, as well as caudal fins with bright colors to make them stand out clearly against its surroundings!

In this article, we’ll go over everything you need to know about Peppermint Angelfish care, diet, tank setup, compatibility, and more!


Scientific NameCentropyge boylei
OriginThe central Pacific Ocean, Cook islands
Minimum Tank Sizeat least 70 gallons
Length4 inches
Ease of CareNot for beginners
pH7.9 – 8.4
Temperaturearound 72°F (22-24 Celsius).
Peppermint Angelfish Characteristics

Peppermint Angelfish Origins

Peppermint Angelfish is a rare fish that was first formally described in 1992 by John Ernest Randall and Richard Pyle in the Cook Islands. This small fish is also found in the eastern central Pacific Ocean. 

Moreover, they have been recorded from Rarotonga, a small island off New Zealand’s south coast. They are considered likely to appear elsewhere throughout this region because they share similar habitats with many other fish species there such as surgeonfish or chromis.

Peppermint Angelfish Behaviour

The peppermint angelfish is a timid fish that prefers to hide among cliffs and coral reefs in the central, eastern, and southern Pacific oceans.

They seldom swim in open water since peppermint angelfish paracentropyge boylei may be targeted by larger predators such as tuna or Great White sharks in this region.

Peppermint angelfish are vengeful, territorial fish that will fight to the death to defend their territory. It may be considered a life-or-death situation for them to battle until one is dead as long as there is still danger remaining.

Peppermint Angelfish Lifespan & Life Cycle

The peppermint angelfish begin life as tiny eggs are deposited into open coastal or river waters, where male guardian angels guard their nest until it hatches.

When the fry hatch, they feed on plankton for the first few days before becoming juvenile fish that wander about in search of food sources like tiny algal beds near coral reefs with currents washing over them at all times of the year.

The quick-growing nature of live-bearing species like peppermint angelfish allows them to reach the age of eight years old!

Peppermint Angelfish Appearance

These little fish are incredibly adorable! Peppermint angelfish have vibrant coloration, and they always appear to be smiling.

It is a deep water fish, oval-shaped fish that has five white vertical bars on an orange background. These stripes also extend onto their fins.

In addition, it has vertical reddish-orange and white bars alternating on the body, head, and fins.

The caudal fin is translucent, while the dorsal and anal fins have white margins. Moreover, its face and chin are white.

This species’ adult size might reach up to 4 inches from tip to tail (10 cm) in length.

Is Peppermint Angelfish Hardy?

The peppermint angelfish are not for beginners. They are challenging fish for aquarists of all levels, and they need pristine water conditions to thrive.

This is a very fragile species, so make sure you learn how to maintain them in an aquarium before buying one.

How to Care for Peppermint Angelfish?

Water Requirements

1. Water Quality

The water quality is of utmost importance for the peppermint angelfish. They are very sensitive to changes in the water parameters and need pristine water conditions to thrive.

The ammonia spikes and nitrite levels should be zero, and the nitrate level should be below 20 ppm. You can use an ammonia nitrite nitrate test kit to check the levels in your aquarium.

It is also essential to do regular water changes of at least 10-15% every week to maintain the water quality. Moreover, installing a good aquarium filter is necessary to remove the toxins from the water.

2. Water Temperature

This fish’s deepwater habitat necessitates colder water in order for it to be comfortable. This implies that an aquarium chiller is necessary for keeping the temperature at about 72°F (22-24 Celsius).

3. PH Level

The proper pH level is also important for peppermint angelfish. To maintain this fish healthy and not stressed, the pH level must be between 7.9 and 8.4.

You can use a pH testing kit to check the levels in your aquarium and keep it stable, because fluctuations in pH levels may be deadly stressful for your fish.

Tank Setup

1. Tank size

The tank size requirements are determined by the number of fish you want to keep. One pair should have enough room in an aquarium that is at least 70 gallons broad.

Peppermint Angelfish are energetic swimmers who enjoy leaping around the tank, thus a large aquarium is necessary for one fish.

2. Decoration

The peppermint angelfish live in rocky caves and fissures for protection when other fish in the community tank make it feel threatened. They also appreciate having some plants to graze on.

Some good plant choices include Amazon Swords, Water sprite, Java Fern, and Jungle Vallisneria. These plants will also help to remove toxins from the water and provide hiding places for your fish.

3. Lightning

The peppermint angelfish is native to lower light conditions, so bright lighting in the aquarium isn’t required. Soft, spreading illumination will be perfect for them.

Peppermint Angelfish Compatibility

Peppermint angelfish are one of the few saltwater fish species that can survive in some freshwater conditions. They’re suitable tank mates for other big, active fish and may live in pairs if they have enough space.

These angels enjoy being a part of an established school to remain in touch with other fish. They should not be kept alone since peppermint angel gets lonely fast.

However, the peppermint angelfish is preyed upon by a variety of predators, including invertebrates like the dragonet, soldierfish, lionfish, and moray eel.

Peppermint Angelfish Diet

1. In the Wild

Peppermint Angelfish is usually found near rocks and coral, so they feed primarily on worms, sponges, tunicates, or crustaceans in the wild. Also, peppermint angels may occasionally nip at some corals when their appetite needs a boost.

2. In Captivity

When it comes to captive diets, peppermint angels need proper nutrition for long and healthy life.

When you’re getting ready to introduce your new angel into their tank, make sure there’s plenty of live food available, such as copepods and amphipods.

This will make the holy grail of angels can accept these things from time to time without being overly shocked.

Peppermint Angelfish Gender Difference

As is the case with many other Centropyge species, it is thought that these fish begin their adult life as females.

Over time and through circumstance the larger and more dominant individual in a group may change sex to become either male or female. Sometimes this will happen within just one day of changing over!

Peppermint Angelfish Breeding

Peppered angelfish are one of many species that have developed characteristics to help them survive, and in this case, it’s all about finding the right partner! The sexual maturity of this fish occurs between the ages of 6 and 12 months.

After that, they will look forward to breeding. The female peppermint angelfish will use flashing colors on her belly to attract males.

Once they’ve chosen each other (and determining compatibility), peppermint angelfish will select a location and thoroughly clean the surface.

Then the female will lay eggs, and the male will fertilize them and protect the eggs until they hatch and become free swimmers.

Possible Diseases & Prevention

The peppermint angels are susceptible to many saltwater fish diseases, including Marine Ich, Velvet Disease, and bacterial and parasitic infections.

The most common is white spot disease which other saltwater fish often contract from contact with infected water sources.

Also, a parasitic protozoan species called Oodinium (also known as “cotton wool”) is found in unclean aquariums created by this amoeba-like creature that feeds on human waste products.

And finally, there’s marine velvet. It is an illness typically seen among those who keep them chronically ill due to its close association between host species such as ponyfish or trout ix).

Why Is the Peppermint Angelfish So Expensive?

The Peppermint Angelfish is one of the most expensive fish in the world. They are found in depths of at least 53 meters (159 feet), making them inaccessible for skin divers who can’t reach their habitat while snorkeling without specialized gear like scuba gear.

As a result, the Peppermint angelfish cost roughly $30.000.

Is Peppermint Angelfish Reef Safe?

Peppermint angelfish have been observed eating crustaceans, worms, and soft-bodied invertebrates like soft corals. So, it is not recommended to keep them with reef systems.

Pros & Cons of Peppermint Angelfish


  1. Hardy and undemanding
  2. Can be kept with or without a reef
  3. Some of the most uniquely patterned fish in the hobby
  4. Don’t need a lot of space


  1. Very expensive
  2. Small size
  3. May nip at corals if not enough space


How Big Do Peppermint Angelfish Get?

Peppermint angels grow to be about 4 inches (10 cm) long.

What Is the Lifespan of a Peppermint Angelfish?

The average lifespan of a peppermint angelfish is eight years if properly cared for.

What Is the Price of a Peppermint Angelfish?

Peppermint angels are one of the most expensive fish in the world and cost around $30,000.

What Do Peppermint Angelfish Eat?

In the wild, peppermint angelfish eat a diet of crustaceans, worms, and soft-bodied invertebrates. In captivity, they will accept a variety of foods, including frozen, and live foods.

Last Words

The Peppermint Angelfish is a great choice for experienced fishkeepers who are looking for a unique and beautiful addition to their aquarium.

They are hardy and undemanding, making them easy to care for. However, they are very expensive and may nip at corals if not given enough space.

We hope this guide has been helpful and informative. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below. Thanks for reading!