White Tuxedo Guppy 101: The Ultimate Care Guide

White Tuxedo Guppy is a delight to aquarists, characterized by its vibrant white body with speckles of color, creating a “tuxedo” effect. 

These buddies dwell in tropical freshwaters, adorned with dense plant life and a gentle flow mimicking their original South American river habitats. 

Their sociable nature and hearty adaptability make them a popular choice among both beginner and seasoned aquarium enthusiasts.

In this guide, I will delve into their history, behavior, care requirements, and more. 

White Tuxedo Guppy Summary

Common NamesWhite Tuxedo Guppy, Fancy Guppy, Millions fish
Scientific NamePoecilia reticulata
SpeciesP. reticulata
ColorWhite with a distinct black pattern on the tail
SizeMales: 1.5-2 inches, Females: 2-2.5 inches
Lifespan2-3 years
pH Level6.8-7.8
Water Temperature74-82 degrees Fahrenheit
Water Hardness8-12 dGH
Water TypeFreshwater
Minimum Tank Size10 gallons
Community TankYes
Care LevelEasy
CompatibilityPeaceful with other non-aggressive species

White Tuxedo Guppy History

Our journey with this intriguing fish starts with its predecessor, the common guppy. 

This fish is a native of northeastern South America and is often found in the slow-moving freshwater bodies of countries like Venezuela, Barbados, Trinidad, and Tobago. 

The scientific world was introduced to the guppy in the 1860s, thanks to Robert John Lechmere Guppy, a British naturalist. Mr. Guppy was responsible for sending samples from Trinidad to the British Museum, introducing the scientific community to this vibrant and resilient fish.

As global interest in the guppy species grew, so too did the desire for diversity in its physical appearance. 

This interest sparked the development of various guppy strains through selective breeding practices. 

Each strain offered unique colors and patterns, expanding the appeal of guppies for fish enthusiasts worldwide.

The White Tuxedo Guppy is one such unique variation, born out of selective breeding practices. 

What sets this variation apart is its elegant color combination – a dominant white body complemented by a unique black pattern on the tail. 

This combination gives the appearance of a tuxedo, which eventually inspired the variant’s name. 

Over time, the White Tuxedo Guppy has found favor among both novice and experienced fish enthusiasts, adding to the diversity of guppy populations in aquariums around the world.

Beyond the realm of fishkeeping, guppies have also made a mark in the scientific community. 

They have become key players in biological research, providing important insights into the study of genetics and evolution due to their short lifespan and rapid breeding cycle. 

They are resilient and adaptable, qualities that have been harnessed for environmental management. 

Guppies have been introduced in several countries to control mosquito populations by preying on mosquito larvae.

White Tuxedo Guppy Behavior

In the wild, White Tuxedo Guppies exhibit behaviors as intriguing as those seen in aquariums.

One characteristic of their behavior in the wild is their adaptability. 

They are capable of surviving in various environments with different conditions, and this adaptability is evident in their feeding habits. 

In the wild, guppies are omnivores and consume a varied diet. 

They eat algae, plant matter, small insects, and invertebrates, showcasing their ability to utilize the resources available in their environment.

Much like their aquarium counterparts, wild White Tuxedo Guppies are social creatures. 

They form shoals, a behavior likely evolved as a survival mechanism against predators. 

In the wild, they are preyed upon by larger fish, birds, and even certain species of insects. Shoaling allows them to maintain a lookout for potential threats.

Their breeding behavior is a particularly fascinating aspect of their natural behavior. 

Male guppies engage in elaborate courting displays, using their vibrant colors to attract females. 

In the case of White Tuxedo Guppies, the males’ distinct black-and-white color pattern plays a significant role in this process.

Despite the fact that guppies, including the White Tuxedo Guppy, are seen as peaceful, there can be aggressive interactions in the wild. 

Male guppies compete for the attention of females and can become territorial. These conflicts, however, are typically short-lived and rarely result in serious injury.

Finally, it’s worth noting that guppies exhibit a high degree of curiosity in the wild. 

They explore their environment extensively, looking for food, suitable hiding spots, and areas for breeding. 

This exploratory behavior adds an element of dynamism to their nature and showcases their adaptability and intelligence.

White Tuxedo Guppy Origin & Habitat

The White Tuxedo Guppy, a striking variation of the common guppy, has origins in the warm, tropical regions of northeastern South America. 

Specifically, they can be traced back to countries like Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, and Venezuela. 

However, through global fish trade, they have been introduced into numerous freshwater bodies worldwide.

The common guppy species, from which the White Tuxedo Guppy was selectively bred, adapted to a wide range of freshwater environments in their native habitat. 

These include slow-moving rivers and streams, drainage ditches, pools, and ponds. 

Guppies can also inhabit brackish waters, an adaptation that has enabled them to thrive in diverse environmental conditions.

An interesting aspect of guppy habitats is the prevalence of dense vegetation. 

Aquatic plants provide these small fish with protection from predators, as well as breeding grounds and territories. 

Furthermore, the vegetation supports a diverse community of organisms that contribute to the guppy’s varied diet, including small invertebrates, algae, and detritus.

Climate-wise, guppies are tropical fish that prefer warmer water temperatures. 

In their natural habitat, the water temperature usually ranges from 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Guppies are also adaptable to varying water conditions, with an acceptable pH range from 6.8 to 7.8, and a water hardness between 8 to 12 dGH.

When it comes to the White Tuxedo Guppy specifically, this variant emerged through selective breeding within controlled environments, such as fish farms and aquariums. 

Their striking white coloration and distinctive tuxedo-like pattern have been perpetuated over generations, leading to the distinct strain we know today.

Despite their selectively bred nature, White Tuxedo Guppies share the same environmental preferences as their wild counterparts. 

Therefore, their care in captivity should replicate, as much as possible, the conditions of their ancestral tropical freshwater habitats to ensure their well-being and longevity.

What Are the Features of White Tuxedo Guppy?

1. Appearance

As the name implies, this fish sports a predominantly white body that contrasts vividly with patches of black, particularly on the tail fin, resembling a tuxedo – hence its name. This black-and-white combination sets it apart from other guppy variants and adds a touch of elegance to its appearance.

Its body shape is sleek and streamlined, allowing for efficient and swift movement through the water. 

Male White Tuxedo Guppies are generally slimmer and smaller than their female counterparts, with more pronounced coloration. 

They also boast a more elongated and flamboyant tail fin, which they use during courtship displays to attract females.

The dorsal and tail fins of the White Tuxedo Guppy are where the magic happens. 

These fins, particularly in males, can be quite large and flowing. 

The ‘tuxedo’ effect is most pronounced on these fins, with their black and white coloration creating a distinctive and visually arresting contrast. 

In some individuals, the black coloration can exhibit an iridescent quality, adding another layer of charm to their overall appearance.

Guppies, including the White Tuxedo variant, possess a pair of rounded pectoral fins that they use for navigation and balance. 

Their ventral fins, located towards the belly region, are usually smaller.

Another feature that distinguishes male guppies is the presence of a gonopodium, a modified anal fin used in reproduction. 

In the White Tuxedo Guppy, this is typically slimmer and pointed.

2. Body Size

On average, the body size of a mature White Tuxedo Guppy ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 inches. 

But it’s important to note that there’s a difference in size between the sexes. 

Typically, males usually reach a length of around 1.5 to 2 inches, while females are slightly larger, measuring between 2 to 2.5 inches.

White Tuxedo Guppy Lifespan

The White Tuxedo Guppy can live between 2 to 3 years in captivity. 

However, lifespan can vary based on several factors, including the quality of care, diet, tank conditions, genetics, and stress levels. 

With optimal care and a suitable environment, some individuals may even exceed the upper average and live up to 4 years.

Male guppies also have a slightly shorter lifespan than females, mainly due to the energy they expend in their constant attempts to mate and the stress associated with territorial disputes.

White Tuxedo Guppy Life Cycle

Stage 1: Birth

After a gestation period of around 4 to 6 weeks, the female White Tuxedo Guppy gives birth to live young, called fry. 

The number of fry can vary greatly, from as few as 20 to as many as 200, depending on the age and size of the female. 

At birth, the fry are tiny, generally about a quarter of an inch long, but are fully formed and capable of swimming.

Stage 2: Fry

Immediately after birth, the fry begin their fight for survival. 

In the wild, and sometimes in home aquariums, fry can become targets for other fish, including adult guppies. 

During this stage, they grow rapidly and start developing their distinct color patterns, though they remain sexually immature.

Stage 3: Juvenile

After approximately 4 to 8 weeks, the fry transition into the juvenile stage. 

They start showing sexual dimorphism, meaning males and females can be differentiated by their physical appearance. 

Males start displaying brighter colors, and their fins, particularly the caudal fin, start to enlarge. 

Females also grow larger than males but display a more subdued coloration.

Stage 4: Adulthood

At around 3 months of age, the guppies reach sexual maturity. 

Males begin their mating displays to attract females, showing off their vibrant colors and large fins. 

Females, if they mate successfully, will begin the gestation process, and the life cycle continues.

Is White Tuxedo Guppy Hardy?

White Tuxedo Guppy is a hardy fish species, making it an excellent choice for beginners and seasoned aquarists alike.

How to Care for White Tuxedo Guppy?

a.Water Requirements

1. Water Quality

When it comes to the care of White Tuxedo Guppies, maintaining good water quality is paramount. 

Despite their hardiness, guppies thrive best in clean, well-maintained water environments, which is crucial to their overall health and well-being.

And good water quality involves several components. One of the most critical is cleanliness. 

Regular tank maintenance, including partial water changes of about 25% to 50% every week, can help keep the water clean. 

This process dilutes and removes harmful waste products and replenishes essential minerals.

Another aspect of water quality is minimizing the level of toxins. 

One common toxic substance in aquariums is ammonia, which is produced from fish waste and decomposing organic matter like uneaten food. 

Over time, beneficial bacteria in the aquarium convert ammonia to nitrites and then nitrates, which are less harmful. 

This is part of the nitrogen cycle, and maintaining this cycle is crucial for keeping toxin levels low.

In the case of a new tank, you should establish this cycle before introducing guppies or any other fish – a process known as cycling the tank. 

In an established aquarium, adding too many fish at once or overfeeding can disrupt the cycle, leading to an accumulation of toxins.

To monitor water quality, you can use aquarium test kits that are readily available and can measure levels of, ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates. 

Regular testing allows you to catch potential issues early and rectify them before they harm your fish.

One last crucial point is the use of a good filtration system.

An effective filter will not only physically remove debris from the water but also provide a home for beneficial bacteria that are crucial in maintaining the nitrogen cycle. S

ome filters also have chemical filtration media, like activated carbon, which can help remove certain toxins and discolorations from the water.

2. Water Temperature

These guppies are most comfortable in water temperatures ranging from 74 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit (23 to 28 degrees Celsius). 

They tend to prefer the warmer end of this range, making a stable temperature of around 78 degrees Fahrenheit (25.5 degrees Celsius) ideal.

Any temperature fluctuations can cause stress, weaken their immune system, and make them susceptible to diseases. Sudden, drastic changes in temperature can even be fatal.

So, if you live in a region where room temperature does not consistently fall within the needed range, you can use an aquarium heater. 

Aquarium heaters are designed to automatically turn on when the water temperature drops below a certain point and turn off when the desired temperature is reached, ensuring a consistent temperature in the tank.

In addition to a heater, you should also use a reliable aquarium thermometer to monitor the water temperature accurately. 

This allows you to quickly spot any temperature discrepancies and take corrective action, ensuring that your White Tuxedo Guppies have the warm, stable environment they need to thrive.

3. pH Level

The pH level indicates how acidic or alkaline the water is on a scale from 0 (most acidic) to 14 (most alkaline), with 7 being neutral.

White Tuxedo Guppies are fairly adaptable and can live in a pH range from 6.8 (slightly acidic) to 7.8 (slightly alkaline). 

However, they tend to thrive best in a slightly alkaline environment. As such, maintaining a pH between 7.2 and 7.4 is typically ideal for these fish.

If the pH level falls too low, say 6.0, the water becomes too acidic for your guppies. 

This can stress them, interfere with their biological functions, and make them more susceptible to diseases. 

Conversely, if the pH level rises too high, say to 8.5, the water becomes too alkaline, which can have similar negative effects.

To avoid these issues, you should test the pH level in the aquarium regularly. 

And if you find that the pH begins to drift outside the optimal range, you’ll need to take corrective action.

For instance, if your pH level is too low (acidic), you can use a product like Seachem Neutral Regulator, which adjusts pH to 7.0. 

Alternatively, if your pH is too high (alkaline), products like API pH Down can be used to reduce it. 

However, you should use these products cautiously, following the manufacturer’s instructions to avoid abrupt changes that could stress your fish.

4. Water Hardness

The hardness level of the water refers to the amount of dissolved minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium, it contains. It’s usually measured in degrees of general hardness (dGH).

White Tuxedo Guppies prefer moderately hard to hard water, typically between 8 and 12 dGH. However, they can tolerate a wider range due to their adaptability. 

Maintaining the correct water hardness is essential for their health as it affects various physiological processes, including osmoregulation and metabolic activities.

For example, if the water is too soft (low in minerals), it could affect the guppy’s ability to regulate the flow of water and salts in its body, potentially causing stress and health issues. 

Conversely, if the water is too hard (high in minerals), it could interfere with the guppy’s metabolism and other bodily functions.

To adjust water hardness, you can add products like Seachem Equilibrium, which raises general hardness by adding beneficial minerals back into the water. 

If your water is too hard, using distilled or reverse osmosis water mixed with your tap water can help reduce hardness.

But remember, you should do changes to water hardness gradually over several days to prevent shocking your fish. 

b.Tank Requirements

1. Tank Size

These lively fish need adequate space to swim and explore. 

Plus, given their active nature and social tendencies, they thrive best in groups, further emphasizing the need for the appropriate tank size.

The minimum tank size for White Tuxedo Guppies is 10 gallons. This size is suitable for a small group of guppies, allowing them ample room to move around. 

However, this is the absolute minimum, and bigger is always better when it comes to aquariums.

Suppose you house a group of five guppies in a tank that’s only 5 gallons. 

The limited space could cause stress and aggression among the fish due to overcrowding. 

It would also limit their swimming space, affecting their overall health and happiness.

On the other hand, if the same group of five guppies were placed in a 20-gallon tank, they would have plenty of room to swim, explore, and interact without feeling cramped. 

This additional space would not only result in happier and healthier fish, but it would also provide more stable water conditions since larger volumes of water are less prone to rapid fluctuations in temperature and water chemistry.

If you decide to keep a larger group of guppies or want to add other compatible species to your aquarium, you should consider an even larger tank. 

As a general rule of thumb, aim for an additional 1-2 gallons of tank space for each additional guppy.

And remember, you should place the tank in a location that avoids direct sunlight (to prevent excessive algae growth) and away from sources of loud noise or vibrations that could stress your guppies. 

2. Decorations

When it comes to decorating your White Tuxedo Guppy’s aquarium, you have a lot of options, but there are a few key elements you should consider for their comfort and well-being.

First, think about adding live or artificial plants to your aquarium. 

Plants can provide your guppies with plenty of hiding spots, which can help reduce stress and mimic their natural habitat. 

Examples of suitable plants include java moss, anubias, or hornwort, as these plants are relatively hardy and can withstand the activity of your guppies. 

If you prefer artificial plants, ensure they’re made of aquarium-safe materials and don’t have any sharp edges that could harm your guppies.

Another key decoration is the substrate. Fine gravel or sand are suitable options as they mimic the guppy’s natural riverbed habitat and don’t pose any risk of scratching or injuring the guppies. 

The color of the substrate can also influence the appearance of your guppies; a darker substrate can enhance the colors of your White Tuxedo Guppies.

Rocks and driftwood can also be used to add visual interest and more hiding spots to your aquarium. 

Driftwood, in particular, can also help soften the water slightly if needed, and it also lends a natural, river-like feel to the tank.

Adding a few caves or other hideaways is another good idea. 

You can find a variety of these at pet stores, made from materials like clay, resin, or rock. 

These hiding places can provide your guppies with a sense of security, especially in a community tank.

Lastly, when arranging your decorations, remember that guppies are active swimmers and need open space to swim. 

So, balance the need for hiding places and open swimming areas when designing your aquarium layout.

These decorating tips will not only make your tank aesthetically pleasing but will also create a stimulating and comfortable environment for your White Tuxedo Guppies.

3. Lighting

Appropriate lighting plays a vital role in an aquarium setting, affecting not just the aesthetic appeal of your tank but also the health and behavior of your White Tuxedo Guppies.

These guppies, like most freshwater fish, are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day and sleep at night. 

Therefore, providing a consistent light-dark cycle that mimics their natural environment is important. 

Generally, an 8 to 12-hour light period each day is sufficient.

Standard fluorescent or LED lighting systems are both suitable options for a guppy aquarium. 

Both types can provide the brightness needed for guppies and live plants (if included in the tank), and they don’t emit excessive heat, which could disrupt the water temperature.

For example, you can choose an LED lighting system, such as the NICREW ClassicLED Aquarium Light. 

It provides adjustable brightness, energy efficiency, and a broad spectrum of light that can illuminate your tank beautifully and promote plant growth.

On the other hand, a fluorescent fixture, like the Aqueon Full Spectrum Daylight Fluorescent Lamp, can also be a great choice. 

It delivers full-spectrum light that will showcase your guppies’ colors and support any live plants in your tank.

Regardless of the light system you choose, it’s important to avoid abrupt changes in lighting, as this could stress your fish. 

Therefore, using a timer to automate the light-dark cycle can be helpful.

White Tuxedo Guppy Compatibility

White Tuxedo Guppies are known for their peaceful temperament and social nature, making them excellent candidates for community aquariums. 

However, it’s important to note that not all fish species will make suitable tank mates for your guppies.

When considering compatibility, we need to look at a few factors such as size, temperament, and environmental requirements.

These guys are small and non-aggressive.

 This means that they can be targeted by larger or more aggressive species. 

So, it’s crucial to avoid fish that are known to be fin-nippers or aggressive. 

Furthermore, the environmental requirements of potential tank mates should be similar to those of guppies to ensure harmonious living conditions.

Good Tank MatesReasonsBad Tank MatesReasons
Other Guppy VarietiesThey share similar temperaments and environmental needs.Cichlids (except for Dwarf Cichlids)They are generally too aggressive and can harm guppies.
Tetras (like Neon Tetras)They are peaceful and thrive in similar water conditions.Betta FishThey are known to be fin-nippers and can attack guppies.
Corydoras CatfishThey are bottom dwellers and non-aggressive.Larger fish species (like Arowanas, and Oscars)Their size makes guppies a potential snack.
PlatiesThey are peaceful and enjoy similar water parameters.GoldfishThey prefer colder water temperatures compared to guppies.
MolliesThey share similar water requirements and are generally peaceful.

White Tuxedo Guppy Diet & Feeding

In the wild, White Tuxedo Guppies are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of food sources. 

Their diet primarily consists of small invertebrates, algae, plant matter, and organic debris. 

In captivity, you should vary their diet to maintain their health and vibrant coloration. Their diet can include:

  • Commercial flake or pellet food: These are typically fortified with vitamins and minerals, making them an excellent staple in their diet
  • Live foods: These include brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms. Live foods provide essential proteins and mimic the natural diet of guppies in the wild
  • Frozen foods: Like live foods, frozen versions of brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms can also be offered. These foods are usually more convenient to store and handle than live foods
  • Plant matter: Boiled peas and spinach can be given occasionally. These provide additional fiber and nutrients that are beneficial to guppies

But remember that feeding your White Tuxedo Guppies should be done in moderation. 

Overfeeding can lead to obesity and water pollution, both of which can be harmful to your guppies. 

As a general rule, feed them an amount they can consume within 2-3 minutes, and ensure all food is eaten.

Here’s a simple feeding schedule you can follow throughout the week:

MondayFlake or Pellet FoodBoiled Peas or Spinach
TuesdayFrozen or Live FoodFlake or Pellet Food
Wednesday Boiled Peas or SpinachFrozen or Live Food
ThursdayFlake or Pellet FoodBoiled Peas or Spinach
FridayFrozen or Live FoodFlake or Pellet Food
SaturdayBoiled Peas or SpinachFrozen or Live Food
SundayFlake or Pellet FoodFlake or Pellet Food

White Tuxedo Guppy Breeding

Breeding White Tuxedo Guppies can be an exciting and rewarding process. 

The first step is to prepare a suitable environment. You’ll need a separate breeding tank to ensure a safe space for the fry to grow without the threat of predation from adult fish. 

This tank should be well-heated and filtered, with areas of low current for the young guppies. 

Including live plants or breeding mops in the setup also provides the newborn guppies with necessary hiding spots.

In order to breed guppies, you should identify the males from the females. 

This is usually quite straightforward: males are generally smaller, more brightly colored, and exhibit large, ornate tail fins. 

Females, on the other hand, are larger with a more subdued coloration and possess a rounded anal fin. 

To optimize breeding conditions and prevent undue stress on any single female, a ratio of one male to two or three females is perfect.

It’s fascinating to note that guppies are livebearers, meaning females give birth to live young instead of laying eggs. 

After successful fertilization, a female can store the sperm and use it for multiple batches of fry over several months, even in the absence of a male. 

A clear sign of a pregnant female guppy is the swelling of the abdomen and the appearance of a dark gravid spot near her anal fin.

When your little girl is close to giving birth, which usually occurs after a gestation period of about 28 days, move it to the breeding tank to prevent adult fish from preying on the newborns.

You should feed young guppies, or fry, specially designed fry food or finely crushed flake food. 

As they grow, they can gradually transition to regular guppy food. 

White Tuxedo Guppy Common Diseases

White Tuxedo Guppies, like other fish species, are susceptible to various diseases. 

The diseases can be caused by different factors such as poor water quality, bacterial or fungal infections, parasitic infestations, or due to the nature of their captive environment.

Here is some information about common diseases that White Tuxedo Guppies can contract, including their symptoms, causes, treatments, and prevention methods. 

This is not an exhaustive list, but it covers some of the most prevalent diseases:

Ich (White Spot)White spots on the body and fins, lethargic behaviorParasitic infestationMedication with a formalin/malachite green-based treatment, increased water temperatureRegular water changes and good tank hygiene, quarantine of new fish
Fin RotFrayed or decaying finsBacterial infection is often caused by poor water qualityAntibiotics or antibacterial medicationsMaintain good water quality, and treat injuries promptly
FungusCotton-like growths on the skin, gills, or finsFungal infection often occurs when the fish is stressed or injuredAntifungal medicationPrevent stress, maintain good water quality, and treat injuries promptly
DropsySwollen belly scales sticking outBacterial infection, often a result of poor water quality or compromised immune systemAntibiotic treatment, though the prognosis is often poorMaintain good water quality, ensure a balanced diet
Swim Bladder DiseaseAbnormal swimming, such as sideways or upside-downConstipation, genetic deformity, or infectionDepending on the cause, treatments can include adjusting diet, antibiotics, or supportive careFeed a varied diet, including some fiber. Maintain good water quality


Are Tuxedo Guppies Rare?

Tuxedo Guppies are not rare, but certain color variations like the White Tuxedo Guppy may be less common.

What Is the Price of a Tuxedo Guppy?

The price of a Tuxedo Guppy is between $3 and $30, depending on factors such as color, pattern, and where you buy them.

What Is the Size of a Tuxedo Guppy?

The size of Tuxedo Guppies is between 1.5 and 2.5 inches in size, with males generally being smaller than females.

What Is the White Fuzzy Stuff on My Guppy?

White fuzzy stuff on your guppy could be a sign of fungal infection, often caused by poor water quality or stress. 

It’s important to consult an aquatic specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.


As promised, we’ve covered every aspect of White Tuxedo Guppy care, from understanding their unique history and behavior to providing the best conditions for them to thrive in a home aquarium. 

Just remember to provide a suitable tank size, replicate their natural habitat with plants and decorations, maintain proper water quality, and feed them a varied diet.

Do you still have questions? If so, leave a comment and I’ll be happy to answer them.

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